As a former active duty Marine Corps officer, I’ve had the privilege of serving alongside quite a few military chaplains. For better or worse, popular culture has created a somewhat stereotypical portrayal of the military chaplain—many readers may recall the fictional character Father Francis Mulcahy from the television show M*A*S*H. In my experience, chaplains are some of the most dedicated and professional service members in our armed forces.
As an attorney focused on the area of religious liberty, I can say without exception that taking adverse action against a chaplain because he cannot act contrary to his sincerely held religious beliefs not only violates federal law, it prevents a chaplain from completing his mission.
Among the chaplains my firm, First Liberty Institute, has successfully represented, Army Chaplain Scott Squires is the latest to be dragged into a fight for his religious freedom, not to mention his career and reputation.
A soldier of 25-years — including multiple tours in Afghanistan, Africa, and the Middle East –Chaplain Squires is a decorated officer currently stationed at Ft. Bragg, North Carolina. First as an enlisted soldier, and now as a chaplain, he’s had a stellar career, helping untold numbers of soldiers and their dependents through the hardships and challenges of military life.
According to Department of Defense regulations, chaplains must meet several requirements. In addition to being qualified to serve as a military officer, chaplains must also be “endorsed” by a recognized religious organization. That’s because, as one federal court observed, chaplains not only represent the military, they also represent their faith group.
As faith group representatives, Department of Defense regulations require chaplains to adhere to the tenets of their endorsing organizations. Failure to do so could result in a chaplain losing their endorsement, meaning they can no longer be a chaplain.
The North American Mission Board (NAMB) of the Southern Baptist Convention endorses Chaplain Squires. Among the many doctrinal tenets to which the NAMB subscribes, one is that no NAMB-endorsed chaplain may conduct marriage retreats for same-sex couples.
NAMB’s position is far from unique, as the majority of military chaplains belong to denominations with similar doctrine on marriage, doctrine that is rooted in millennia of church teaching.
Despite the fact that Chaplain Squires is required by both the NAMB and Department of Defense regulations, earlier this year an Army investigator wrongly concluded that Chaplain Squires discriminated because he was unable to faciliate a marriage retreat that included same sex couples.
The Army investigator apparently believed Chaplain Squires should have violated his denomination’s teachings and military regulations. He faulted Chaplain Squires for acting “as if his NAMB restrictions superseded” a soldier’s desire to attend a marriage retreat. Ironically, according to federal law, NAMB restrictions do, in fact, supersede soldiers’ rights when it comes to NAMB chaplains.
In essence, when Chaplain Squires explained that he could not conduct a marriage retreat that included same sex soldiers, he was simply following the law. But Chaplain Squires went above and beyond by scheduling a marriage retreat with a chaplain who was not under the same restrictions, thus ensuring that all soldiers under his care were able to participate.
Inexplicably, even though the Army investigator concluded that any “discrimination” was “unintentional” and that the Army’s regulations regarding the matter are “unclear,” he recommended that Chaplain Squires be reprimanded, something that would tarnish the career and reputation of an otherwise exemplary officer and soldier.
Punishing chaplains for acting in accordance with their doctrinal tenets, not to mention following the law, would strip thousands of chaplains of the ability to act and speak in accordance with their sincerely held religious beliefs. Chaplains should not have to give up their First Amendment freedoms in order to serve.
On behalf of Chaplain Squires, my firm sent a letter to Army officials urging them to reverse the investigator’s recommendation and ensure that Chaplain Squires’ record is cleared.
In other words, we want the U.S. Army to follow the law, just as Chaplain Squires did.